Saturday, March 24, 2007

MEASLES (Rubella, morbilli)

It is said that measles appear at the infancy stage but, in some cases, it may surface in elderly people also. It is a highly infectious disease that tends to appear in epidemics every 2-3 years and mainly affect children.

Progress of the disease is as follows

After 7-14 days of incubation period, symptoms like cold, followed by a high fever develop, along with appearance of small red spots on the inner side of the mouth.

On the 3rd to 5th day, a slightly elevated pink rash develops---first of all behind the ears, then on the face and other parts, and it lasts for 3-5 days.

The patient continues to remain infectious throughout this period.

In majority of cases symptoms disappear and subside but the patient becomes susceptible to infection of the middle ear and pneumonia.

Complete recovery is generally seen within 2-4 weeks.

The child must be immunized by vaccination. Unless and until the patient does not have pneumonia, there is hardly any danger to life, but more complicated cause need medical care and proper treatment, through in general progression of the disease; hardly any medicine is called for. But, other children and attendants should be careful about spread of infection. The children must be kept away from the ailing patient.


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